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Matthew’s Lineage of Jesus

From Abraham to Jesus


Matthew provides a lineage of Jesus very similar to that of Luke. Although there are some obstacles in understanding their differences (and seeming conflicts) they both present Jesus’ lineage in a consistent way.

The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram, and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, and Jesse the father of David the king.

And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations.

Matthew 1:1-17

When compared with Luke’s record, There are some obstacles that can be noticed right off the bat. Matthew’s list accounts the lineage from Abraham to Jesus ascending. Luke’s lineage accounts from Adam to Jesus descending. So Luke involves more of the lineage than Matthew and provides that lineage in reverse order. So a simple flip-flop of Luke’s list will give us a way to compare the two lineages.

Once Luke’s is reversed, the two lineages are identical until you reach David. Matthew lists 28 names from David to Jesus. Luke lists 43 names. So in this portion of either lists we must seek to resolve yet another obstacle.

Posted by Jacob Abshire on November 25th, 2008 - 11:20 pm
Categories: Commentaries,Matthew
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