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Luke’s Lineage of Jesus

From Adam to Jesus in Reverse


Luke provides a lineage of Jesus very similar to that of Matthew. Although there are some obstacles in understanding their differences (and seeming conflicts) they both present Jesus’ lineage in a consistent way.

Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

Luke 3:23-38

When compared with Matthew’s record, There are some obstacles that can be noticed right off the bat. Matthew’s list accounts the lineage from Abraham to Jesus ascending. Luke’s lineage accounts from Adam to Jesus descending. So Luke involves more of the lineage than Matthew and provides that lineage in reverse order. So a simple flip-flop of Luke’s list will give us a way to compare the two lineages.

Once Luke’s is reversed, the two lineages are identical until you reach David. Matthew lists 28 names from David to Jesus. Luke lists 43 names. So in this portion of either lists we must seek to resolve yet another obstacle.

For arguments on why Luke’s list differs from Matthew’s list see: Resolving Differneces in the Lineages, Part 1 and 2.

Posted by Jacob Abshire on November 25th, 2008 - 2:00 pm
Categories: Commentaries,Luke
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One Comment on “Luke’s Lineage of Jesus”

  • lou, March 22, 20115:03 pm

    It would be easier to read in chart form